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Nanxun Ancient Town

Location: Zhejiang Province

Transportation: Bus service from Shanghai

Culture/History Rating: 4/5

Scenery Rating: 3/5

Hotels: N/A




Nanxun is a town located 30 km. east of the downtown of Huzhou City in north Zhejiang. It covers an area of 34.2 square km. with a population of 45,000. Nanxun lies on the plain of the water region, only 3.5 meters above the sea level. It has warm and humid climate with the annual temperature at 16 degrees Celsius and an annual rainfall of 1150 mm. on an average. It is a famous historical and cultural town with a history of 1400 years. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), it was already a flouring town, and by the reign of Emperor Jiajin (1522-1567) of the Ming Dynasty, it became an important commercial town in Zhejiang because of the development of silk market and silk industry. In the poems the town is described as "thousands of households gather here on this water town market, and fishing boats and merchant vessels call at it side by side." and "On the night market, you can buy water bamboo shoots and lotus roots, and in spring ships carry silks and brocades to the town."


In the 20th century, the silk produced here was well known all over the world. The silk products were on display and won reputations in many international silk fairs held in Panama, San Francisco, and New York. Nanxun is about 100 km. away from Shanghai, Hangzhou and Suzhou respectively. It has transport facilities with Changxing-Shanghai Canal running through it from east to west. It has now become an important front town connecting north Zhejiang with Pudong Development Zone in Shanghai. While the traditional industries continue to develop in textiles and leather processing, the new industries have witnessed a rapid expansion in electric appliances, communications cables, escalators and holographic false proof trademark. With highly developed market economy, the town boasts of specialized markets like leather products, construction materials and cony hair. The annual trading volume reaches 7.5 billion yuan.


Today, Nanxun has kept its scenic views of a water town with ancient houses well preserved while developing an atmosphere of modern times with high-rises standing here and there. The streets run along the rivers criss-crossing each other. The integral network of streets and rivers presents a unique view like that of Venice. The town is also rich in beauty spots and places of historical interest, including Jiayetang Library----one of the four ancient libraries in Zhejiang, the Lesser Lotus Villa---- a famous private garden in south China, and over 30 bridges of the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In addition, there are beauty spots like the Stone Pagoda in Shiyuan Garden, the waterside pavilion in Yinyuan Garden, the Eagle-shaped Stone in the former residence of Zhang Junheng, the famous ancient 100-room house and the former residence of Zhang Qingjiang named "Respect for Morality Hall".


With the development of economy, the infrastructure has been greatly improved in drainage, power supply and tele-communications. Newly built streets like Tai'an Road and Jiaye Road have become the commercial center of the ancient town. In recent years, a number of facilities for cultural and recreational activities have been set up, including a natatorium, an exhibition hall, courts for playing balls, and a children's park. The town looks clean and neat with a reputation of the town whose hygiene index reaches the national standard since 1957. Jiayetang Library in the ancient town of Nanxun also have large collections of historical documents.




Average values in the latest 20 years


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Highest temperature on the average (centigrade)

8.0 9.0 14.0 20.0 23.0 29.0 33.0 33.0 28.0 23.0 17.0 11.0

Lowest temperature on the average (centigrade)

1.0 2.0 6.0 12.0 17.0 21.0 25.0 25.0 20.0 14.0 8.0 3.0

rainfall (mm)

65.0 90.0 115.0 130.0 160.0 200.0 130.0 155.0 180.0 70.0 60.0 50.0



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